Eight in ten female readymade garment RMG workers in Bangladesh suffer from anemia, a condition which damages both health and productivity. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a workplace nutrition program on anemia reduction in female RMG workers of Bangladesh. A quasi-experimental mixed method study was conducted on non-pregnant female RMG workers from four factories.

Two types of intervention packages A and C were tested against their respective controls B and D over a month period. Among factories that already provided lunch to workers with regular behavior change counseling BCCone intervention A and one control B factory were selected, and among factories that did not provide lunches to their workers but provided regular BCC, one intervention C and one control D factory were selected: A Lunch meal intervention package: daily nutritionally-enhanced with fortified rice hot lunch, once weekly iron-folic acid IFA supplement and monthly enhanced with nutrition module behavior change counseling BCC versus B Lunch meal control package: regular lunch and BCC; and C Non-meal intervention package: twice-weekly IFA and enhanced BCC versus D Non-meal control package: BCC alone.

Body weight and capillary hemoglobin were measured. Changes in anemia prevalence were estimated by difference-in-difference DID method. Thematic analysis of qualitative in-depth interviews with RMG workers was performed and findings were triangulated.

Weight did not change in the intervention groups A and C but significantly increased by more than 1. The knowledge of different vitamin and mineral containing foods and their benefits was increased significantly among all participants. Workplace nutrition programs can reduce anemia in female RMG workers, with the greatest benefits observed when both nutritionally enhanced lunches and IFA supplements are provided.This program is a combination of Switch-Case and Function.

In this particular code the user has choice to select options and also it will continue till you want. This also displays the even and odd values from the given array separately. This program also displays the divisors of the individual numbers of the Array. Here is the common program for both of your questions… Have a good look at the code study well and fell free to ask if you have any doubt… Modify the code as per your requirement….

HeyI was wondering if you can help me. Can you write a code using nested loops to add the rows and place the answer in the column to the right? Hey i need help with this code Write a program that prompts the user to enter the year and first day of the year and displays on the console the calendar table for the year. For example, if the user entered the yearand 6 for Saturday, January 1,your program should display the calendar for each month in the year. Hello Tony, Here is a program that prompts the user to enter the year and first day of the year and displays on the console the calendar table for the year.

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Consider the series of binary numbers in char array of size 10 now add binary numbers by 1 means you have to plus 1 in binary number and print the resultant char array. Write a C program to keep records and perform statistical analysis for a class of student.

The class may have up to 40 student. There are five quizzes during the term. Each student is identified by a four-digit student number. The program will print the student scores and calculates and print the statistics high score,low score and average score for each quiz. The output is in the same order as input ; no sorting is required. Hey, Mr.

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Of alphabets, digits and special symbols in the given string. Declare a class to represent bank account of 10 customers with the following data members. Name of the depositor, account number, type of account for saving and c for currentbalance amount. The class also contains the following member functions: A. To initialize B.We are living in the golden age for digital artists. There are so many good, both free and paid, tools out there that a digital artist is only limited by their skills or imagination.

That being said since there are so many drawing programs available for PC and Mac that as a digital artist it has become paramount to start with the right tool for you as it will be hard to switch to a new tool in the long run.

You could do it, but then you would have wasted countless hours of work you have invested in learning the current tool. To help you choose the best digital art tool for you, we are bringing a list of the 20 best drawing programs for PC and Mac you should check out in Note: If you are a Chromebook user you should check out our separate article on best drawing apps for Chromebook.

And thus, choosing the right asset becomes indispensable for both the flow and the imagination. Therefore, minimal interface coupled with the easy-to-master tools become a must. What if you are already a pro?

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Well, then you probably already know what sort of tools work best for you and what can add the missing wings to your creative fancy. Maybe the tools that others have written off might turn out to be the much-needed shot in the arm for your pro-grade drawing. Adobe Photoshop We will start our list with the de facto drawing tool that most designers have heard of and use on a daily basis.

Adobe Photoshop is probably the best drawing program, and it gives you access to hundreds of different brushes with a very high degree of control over your strokes, smoothness of the brushes, and an excellent preset panel which makes it very easy to organize your favorite brushes in one place. Adobe Photoshop is one of the best digital drawing tools for creating packaging, banners, websites, logos, icons, and more.

The app not only allows you to start with a completely blank canvas but also allows you to import your own images and use them as a starting point to create your digital masterpiece. If you are looking for something that is mainstream and powerful, look no further than Adobe Photoshop.

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The app brings a complete graphic design solution for all of your needs. My favorite thing about Affinity Designer is that all its tools and features are built keeping end-users in mind.

That means they are easy to access and easy to learn and use. With Affinity Designer, you can create illustrations, icons, branding materials, printing projects, mockups, and more. The app also supports non-destructive operations which gives it an edge over its competitors. You will get all these features and more for just a one-time payment fee.

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That change has made this the best free dragon program for every designer out there. Whether you are a designer, an illustrator, or an animator, Sketchbook will help you not only improve your skills but also create amazing art once you are spend some time on it. My favorite feature of the Sketchbook is its minimalistic UI which dissolves out of your way when you are actually creating your piece. You are left with a blank piece of a digital canvas where your creativity can flow easily.

Features are one of the many things that make AutoDesk Sketchbook one of the best drawing programs.We covered major Simple to basic Java Programs along with sample solutions for each method. If you need any custom program you can contact us.

All of our Sample Java programs with outputs in pdf format are written by expert authors who had high command on Java programming.

PROGRAM EVALUATION

Even our Java Tutorials are with rich in-depth content so that newcomers can easily understand. This is why we are not able to view the exe contents of a class file. Simple Hello Word Program. Followed by the rest of the programs in different Categories. Area Of Circle Java Program 2. Area Of Triangle 3. Area Of Rectangle Program 4. Area Of Isosceles Triangle 5.

readymade c programs

Area Of Parallelogram 6. Area Of Rhombus 7. Area Of Equilateral Triangl e 8. Perimeter Of Circle 9.

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Perimeter Of Equilateral Triangle Perimeter Of Rectangle Perimeter Of Square Volume Of Cone Java Program Volume Of Prism Volume Of Cylinder Volume Of Sphere Curved Surface Area Of Cube Total Surface Area Of Cylinder Fibonacci Series In Java Programs. Factorial Program In Java 2.The key finding included:. Barbara Spears as second authorinvolved an evaluation of the use of the Australian primary Bullying resource — and recorded a significant positive shift in student attitudes.

Delay function in C

The classes maintained interest throughout, even the third viewing, which surprised me. The kids really related to the story and the characters. Comments include:. Relationship to user: Parent. Also seeing and hearing others experiences which are like mine. Feel less desperate and alone. Thank you. Far out, after my journey with my son, I have not found something so helpful.

Duration of drug use: Over 3 yrs]. Absolutely fantastic. I wish I had understood and believed earlier that our son really is on drugs. I wish I had not nearly bankrupted our family paying for his further education all lies for drugs I am so enriched by this knowledge despite devastated by the drug use.

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Thanks so much.Eight in ten female readymade garment RMG workers in Bangladesh suffer from anemia, a condition which damages both health and productivity. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a workplace nutrition program on anemia reduction in female RMG workers of Bangladesh. A quasi-experimental mixed method study was conducted on non-pregnant female RMG workers from four factories. Two types of intervention packages A and C were tested against their respective controls B and D over a month period.

readymade c programs

Among factories that already provided lunch to workers with regular behavior change counseling BCCone intervention A and one control B factory were selected, and among factories that did not provide lunches to their workers but provided regular BCC, one intervention C and one control D factory were selected: A Lunch meal intervention package: daily nutritionally-enhanced with fortified rice hot lunch, once weekly iron-folic acid IFA supplement and monthly enhanced with nutrition module behavior change counseling BCC versus B Lunch meal control package: regular lunch and BCC; and C Non-meal intervention package: twice-weekly IFA and enhanced BCC versus D Non-meal control package: BCC alone.

Body weight and capillary hemoglobin were measured. Changes in anemia prevalence were estimated by difference-in-difference DID method. Thematic analysis of qualitative in-depth interviews with RMG workers was performed and findings were triangulated.

Weight did not change in the intervention groups A and C but significantly increased by more than 1. The knowledge of different vitamin and mineral containing foods and their benefits was increased significantly among all participants. Workplace nutrition programs can reduce anemia in female RMG workers, with the greatest benefits observed when both nutritionally enhanced lunches and IFA supplements are provided.

The sector directly employs approximately 3 million women [ 1 ]. Due to a low minimum wage, garment workers cannot afford adequate and appropriate food as well as clothing, housing, transportation cost, and medical expenditures [ 2 ]. Anemia is associated with a significant productivity loss in terms of GDP [ 4 ], increased maternal and perinatal mortality, and contributes to global mortality [ 5 ]. Anemia is primarily caused by iron deficiency but also by other micronutrient deficiencies such as vitamins A, B2, folate, B12, and minerals like selenium, and copper [ 6 ], and as well as several other non-nutritional causes [ 7 ].

However, there is a scarcity of evidence on the etiology of anemia and their relative proportion to the causes of anemia. In this context, food fortification could also be a cost-effective contribution to food-based approaches for preventing anemia by increasing the intake of iron and other micronutrients, a lack of which can cause anemia.

The fortification of staple foods is advantageous because it does not require the population to change their dietary habits and allows fortification with multiple micronutrients since deficiencies often occur concurrently [ 9 ].

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In rice-consuming countries like Bangladesh, multiple micronutrients fortified rice could be a promising strategy to address micronutrient deficiencies and thus reduce anemia. The workplace where RMG workers spend most of their waking hours could be an important entry point to address this substantial burden of anemia.

The benefits would be further if behavior change communication BCC messages are combined. The non-nutritional causes of anemia, i.

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In this study, a workplace nutrition program was implemented in four RMG factories in Bangladesh to reduce anemia of female workers. The guidelines for nutritionally improved lunches available in factory canteens included: green leafy vegetables, lentils, fortified rice, fortified oil, and iodized salt every day and flesh foods at least three times a week. Regular lunches included non-fortified rice, lentils and one portion of vegetable daily and meat or fish or egg three times weekly, cooked with fortified oil and iodized salt.

In these factories, IFA was provided once weekly, due to the additional iron supplied through fortified rice. The evaluation of the effectiveness of such a nutritional intervention package is essential before scaling up. Hence, the current study aimed to evaluate the use of a different combination of packages to reduce anemia among female garment workers in these selected garment factories in Bangladesh.

The results of this evaluation would help to inform government policymakers, donors, factory owners, and female garment workers about the benefits of the nutrition intervention and to advocate for the inclusion of appropriate nutrition interventions packages in the workplace in garment factories of Bangladesh.

A quasi-experimental, mixed method study design was applied in four RMG factories for the evaluation of the different packages of intervention to measure their impact on anemia reduction Figure 1. The baseline survey was conducted between December and February and the endline was conducted between January and March Each factory employs about — workers the majority of which are young women. The factories operate on six workdays per week.

A total of participants from four factories participated at baseline and participants were followed up from all four factories at endline. Two types of intervention packages were tested against two corresponding comparisons with a minimal package.

Among factories that already provide lunch to workers, one intervention A and one comparison B factory were selected, and among factories that do not provide lunches to their workers, one intervention C and one comparison D factory were selected.

Epidemiologia e profilassi generale delle malattie infettive

The lunch combination was chosen to find out whether A fortified lunch combined with IFA is more effective in reducing anemia compared with B regular lunch with non-fortified rice and twice-weekly IFA. This package would be helpful for the factories that were already providing or plans to provide a lunch meal to their workers. On the other hand, there were factories which did not provide lunch meal to their workers.

So, we have chosen an intervention package C and control package D for non-lunch providing factories to find out the effective package for anemia reduction.It is also known as a pre-processor. The task of a pre-processor is to initialize the environment of the program, i. A Header file is a collection of built-in readymade functions, which we can directly use in our program. Header files contain definitions of the functions which can be incorporated into any C program by using pre-processor include statement with the header file.

Standard header files are provided with each compiler, and covers a range of areas like string handling, mathematical functions, data conversion, printing and reading of variables. With time, you will have a clear picture of what header files are, as of now consider as a readymade piece of function which comes packaged with the C language and you can use them without worrying about how they work, all you have to do is include the header file in your program.

To use any of the standard functions, the appropriate header file must be included. This is done at the beginning of the C source file. All header files will have an extension. Everything inside this function in a C program will be executed. In the above example, int written before the main function is the return type of main function. We can add comments in our program to describe what we are doing in the program.

These comments are ignored by the compiler and are not executed. If you do not add the extension. In the video below we have explained stepwise how to write your first C program, compile it and run it.

Made with by Abhishek Ahlawat. Ruby Servlet JSP. Operating System. Computer Architecture. Jenkins Maven. Apache Cordova Drools.

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